Cancer Vocab

발암물질 carcinogen
-> 발암물질은 사람들에게 암을 일으키다
(a carcinogen causes cancer in people)
(->a sentence I saw on naver)


-> for the most part, add 암 to specific types. examples:
-> lung. 폐암 lung cancer
피부 -> skin. 피부암 skin cancer
자궁암 / 자궁경부암 uterine/cervical cancer
유방 breast 유방암 breast cancer
유방자가검진 self breast exam

So far, I have found brain cancer, bone cancer and leukemia to not utilize 암:
뇌종양 brain cancer (tumor)
백혈병 leukemia (white blood cell disease/illness)
골종양 bone cancer

뇌혈관장벽 blood brain barrier

암에 걸리다 to get cancer

항암화학요법 chemotherapy

생체 검사 biopsy
(-> I’m not 100%, but seems it is sometimes shortened to 생검)

암성 세포 cancerous cell

종양 tumor

악성 종양 malignant tumor

양성 종양 benign tumor

골수 bone marrow
-> 골수 이식 bone marrow transplant

차도 remission
-> 차도가 걸리다 to be in remission

재발 recurrence
-> 병의 재발 disease recurrence


차도가 오래 걸릴수록 암 재발 가능성이 낮아요
The longer you are in remission, the less likely it is for the cancer to come back

만약 담배를 피우면 폐암에 걸릴 가능성이 있어요
If you smoke, theres a chance you could get lung cancer

그 남자의 차도는 1년 이상 걸렸어요
He has been in remission for over a year

뇌종양에 걸리면 머리가 많이 아플 수도 있어요
If you get brain cancer, you may get alot of headaches

골수 이식 받으면 혈액형이 바뀔 가능성이 있어요. 그래서 환자의 안전을 위해서 O형 혈액을 수혈해요
There’s a chance your blood type could change if you get a bone marrow transplant. So for the patient’s safety, type O blood is transfused.

백혈병에 걸린 사람 중 대부분은 아이예요
Mostly children get leukemia

Published by Hannah & Shelbi

We are just 2 students who wish to share the love and joy of learning language through lesson posts and translations! We are doing this for fun, based on our experience and questions we ask native speakers. We are not fluent! Just passionate  ~ Hannah, Shelbi, and Jordan

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